PARIS (AFP) – French sports retailer Decathlon said Tuesday (March 29) it was suspending sales at its stores in Russia following calls to boycott the group and other French companies for keeping their operations running.
Hundreds of Western firms have mothballed their subsidiaries in Russia or announced full pullouts since Moscow invaded Ukraine on February 24, but others have defied mounting campaigns to withdraw, including several large French investors.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky singled out bluechip French brands Renault, Auchan and Leroy Merlin in a speech to the national parliament in Paris on March 23, saying they “must stop sponsoring the Russian war machine.”
On Sunday, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba increased the pressure by calling for a global boycott of retail giant Auchan as well as DIY retailer Leroy Merlin and Decathlon, all of which are controlled by the media-shy Mulliez family from northeast France.
In a statement on Tuesday, Decathlon announced its decision to close its shops but presented the choice as one forced by supply chain problems, rather than a principled stand against Russian leader Vladimir Putin.
“In strict compliance with international sanctions, Decathlon notes that the supply conditions are no longer met to continue its activity in Russia. Decathlon has to suspend the operation of its stores,” the company said.
Car maker Renault, having restarted operations at its factories earlier this month, announced the shuttering of production lines last week and hinted that it might divest its majority stake in domestic car giant AvtoVAZ.
After decades of active encouragement from governments in Paris, around 500 French companies have operations in Russia, making them collectively the biggest foreign employers in the country with 160,000 staff members, according to the French economy ministry.
French bank Societe Generale owns a controlling stake in leading Russian lender Rosbank, while energy giant TotalEnergies produces 30 per cent of its gas in Russia and has investments worth billions of euros in Arctic projects and local group Novatek.
Decathlon is a relatively small player with just 60 shops in Russia and 2,500 employees, far less than Leroy Merlin and Auchan which make 18 per cent and 10 per cent of their global sales in the country respectively.
The war in Ukraine has presented Western companies with a dilemma about whether to continue working in Russia, where strict capital controls announced by the government prevent them from selling up and withdrawing their money.
Putin has also threatened to nationalise and expropriate foreign groups that decide to join the boycott.
Researchers at Yale University in the United States have kept a log of Western companies and their policies on Russia, dividing them into five categories from “Withdrawal” – meaning a clean break – to those that are “Digging In”.